Iparművészeti Múzeum Budapest (IMM), HU

The Museum of Applied Arts in Budapest is housed in one of the most representative buildings in Hungary.  It was built between 1893 and 1896 according to the plans of Ödön Lechner (1845 – 1914) and Gyula Pártos (1845 – 1916). The construction as well as the inauguration of the museum played a significant role during the celebrations of the Hungarian Millennium Feast (1896). Lechner’s most important aim was to give birth to a typical Hungarian national style; and the Museum of Applied Arts was one step on the path towards realising this plan. For his architectural formal language he combined eastern and western influences. He applied colourful motifs and ornaments which he believed to be of Hungarian folk art origin. Lechner was convinced that these Hungarian folk ornaments taken from herdsmen costumes and textiles are reminiscent of the influence of Persian and Indian art forms from ancient time before the Hungarian settlement in the Carpathian basin. The source for him was the theory of ethnographer József Huszka (1854 - 1934), who detected these roots by analysing Hungarian motifs from Transylvanian villages. Lechner himself first got into contact with oriental architecture during his journeys to England.
The façade and the roof of the Iparművészeti Múzeum are richly decorated with special ceramic tiles produced by the famous Zsolnay Factory in Pécs.
Another important characteristic of the Museum of Applied Arts is the open steel construction of the exhibition hall, which gives the impression of airiness due to its cut-outs in the forms of Hungarian folk ornaments. Lechner picked up this steel construction method during his studies in Western Europe.
The Hungarian Museum of Applied Arts was founded already in 1872 and thus can be numbered among the world´s oldest applied arts museums. Set out to promote the development of the Hungarian industry as well as the formation of a public taste, the museum features alongside a rich library, an applied arts school and spacious exhibition rooms.
Temporary exhibitions range from medieval furniture and costumes to contemporary design objects. A special focus though is set on the display of the museum’s rich Art Nouveau collection.

Role in the Partage Plus project: The Iparművészeti Múzeum will contribute spatial images of about 1000 Art Nouveau objects to the project. Additionally, photographic images of Hungarian Art Nouveau buildings and graphic works will be delivered to Europeana. The IMM is also responsible for dissemination of the project's activities and results (Work Package 4).